Yes, this is true. You can save tax on your expenses too. With Inflation, our expenses tend to rise. High Inflation results in High-Interest rates with the government trying to control the money supply, High interest rates affect loan EMIs and thus cost of purchase, which impacts property cost prices, and in turn Rentals. Check out the School education costs. Rising Medical costs are not hidden from you.
All these expenses many times leave a very little surplus to invest to save tax. Leave aside tax saving, we sometimes have to compromise with the lifestyle, and quality of Life.
Understanding all these concerns, the income tax law has some provisions where you can save tax on all these kinds of spending. Today we’ll have a look at all those expenses which in turn can save tax outgo.
Save tax on spending towards education (Section 80C and 80E):
You can save tax u/s 80C on the tuition fee (which is a part of your child’s school fee) you pay towards your children’s education. This is available for a maximum of 2 children.
This deduction is a part of Rs 1.5 lakh u/s 80c which also includes investments in insurance, ELSS, 5-year bank deposits, EPF, PPF, etc.
This benefit is available only for the payment to recognized education institutes in India and does not include any private tuition, donation or development charges, transport charges, mess charges, hostel charges, etc.
If you have taken an education loan for your child’s higher education or even for self or spouse’s higher education (any full-time course for graduation or post-graduation which includes specialization courses), then the complete interest amount that you pay towards that loan repayment can be claimed for tax deduction u/s 80E.
The deduction is only available if the loan is taken from a financial institution and only for self or dependents (spouse or children).
Save tax on Spending on Housing (Section 80C, 24):
Spending towards the construction, buying, or renovation of the house is also eligible for tax benefits when it is done by taking a loan.
If you have taken a housing loan for constructing or buying a housing property then you can claim tax benefits u/s 80C and u/s 24 of the income tax act.
The principal payment portion of loan EMIs get counted under section 80C up to a maximum limit of Rs 1.5 lakh and the interest portion counted u/s 24 up to a maximum limit of 2 lakh for the self-occupied house, even if the house is towards letting out then also the same limit applies. Please note that the total limit u/s 24 is Rs 2 lakh (Even if are serving 2 loans)
To claim Section 80C benefit, the loan has to be taken from a recognized financial institution but for section 24 benefit even a loan from a relative will also do.
If you don’t have enough arrangements to buy or construct a house and are living on rent, then don’t worry you can claim the rent paid towards your house against the Housing Rent allowance that you receive with your salary. But do remember that if you are paying more than Rs 1 lakh per annum then you need to have PAN no. of your landlord to claim tax benefit.
And if you do not get any HRA or you are in your own practice, but living in Rental accommodation, then Section 80GG benefit is for you.
Save tax on expenses towards medical check-up and treatment (Section 80D,80DD , 80DDB , 80U):
Medical costs are rising day by day. Who knows it better than doctors. But don’t worry, there are some provisions in income tax laws where you can claim a tax deduction on the amount spent on medical treatment of self or dependents. These provisions come under sections 80DD, 80DDB, and Section 80U.
Section 80DD comes into the scene where the medical treatment was done for a handicapped dependent. There’s one condition on this that the disability should not be less than 40% and the person should completely be dependent on the taxpayer.
There are some defined disabilities in this section for which you can claim tax benefits. Here you can claim a fixed deduction amount irrespective of what you’ve spent on medical treatment. The deduction would be as follows-
From FY 2015-16, for disability between 40% – 80% it is Rs 75,000/- and for more than 80% disability the deduction amount is Rs 1.25 lakh.
If the taxpayer himself is disabled then the same deductions can be claimed by him/her under section 80U, but not when it is already being claimed by someone else.
Section 80DDB relates to the medical treatment of self or dependents (spouse, children, or parents) for defined/specified chronic illnesses. Some of the illnesses are neurological diseases with a minimum of 40% disability level, malignant cancers, chronic renal failure, Full Blown AIDS, blood disorders. The deduction available would be as follows:
Rs 40,000/- or amount actually spent on the treatment of a person of age less than 60 years. And for a Senior Citizen, the deduction amount increased to Rs 100,000/- or actual spent. You cannot get this tax benefit if you have claimed the medical expenditure from any insurance company.
But don’t worry if you have medical insurance, then also you can claim tax benefit u/s 80D on the health insurance premium paid.
If you have got a preventive medical check-up done for self or parents then that amount up to Rs 5000/- can also be claimed u/s 80D. The total amount which can be claimed u/s 80D (health insurance premium and preventive medical check-up cost) is Rs 25000/- for (self and family), Rs 30000/- ( for parents), and 50,000/- (for senior citizen parents).
Please note, if both the taxpayer and parents are senior citizens, then the total claimable deduction would be Rs 1,00,000.
Hope you find this Post on “save tax on your expenses” useful. Do share this article with your friends. You may ask your queries in the comments section.